Posts Tagged “U.S. citrus shipments”
U.S. orange shipments are forecast to be down 11 percent for the 2020-21 shipping season, although the biggest plunge is from Florida, which has oranges mostly for processing.
The U.S. orange forecast for the 2020-2021 season is 4.65 million tons, down 11% from the 2019-20 season, the USDA reports.
The Florida orange forecast, at 57 million 90-pound boxes (2.57 million tons), is off 15 percent from last season.
On average, about 96 percent of Florida oranges are processed into orange juice, according to Florida Department of Citrus statistics.
Florida’s early, mid-season, and navel varieties are forecast at 23 million boxes (1.04 million tons), down 22 percent from last season’s final shipments. The Florida valencia orange forecast, at 34 million boxes (1.53 million tons), is down 10 percent from a year ago.
Florida’s 2020-21 grapefruit volume also is down at 4.5 million (85-pound) boxes. The 2020-21 estimate is down 7.3 percent compared with last season. About 40 percent of Florida’s grapefruit crop is shipped to the fresh market.
Florida’s production of tangerines and mandarins rose 7.8 percent, from 1.02 million 95-pound boxes in 2019-20 to a forecast 1.1 million boxes in 2020-21. Just more than half of Florida’s tangerines and mandarins are shipped fresh.
In California, where three out of four oranges are sold fresh, orange shipments are predicted to hit 50.5 million 80-pound boxes (2.02 million tons), down 5 percent from last season’s final utilization. The California navel orange forecast is 42 million boxes (1.68 million tons), down 5 percent from last season’s final utilization. The California valencia orange forecast is 8.5 million boxes (340,000 tons), down 6 percent from last season.
Mandarin/tangerine loadings are forecast to be at 23 million 80-pound boxes (920,000 tons), up 4.5 percent from last season’s output of 22 million boxes. About 75 percent of California’s mandarins/tangerines are sold fresh.
Grapefruit production in California is projected unchanged from a year ago, at 3.8 million 80-pound boxes. About 40 percent of California grapefruit is sold fresh.
Lemon loadings in California in the 2020-21 season is forecast at 22 million 80-pound boxes (880,000 tons), down 14 percent from last season. The Arizona lemon forecast is 1.3 million (80-pound) boxes (52,000 tons), down 28 percent from last season. About 70% of U.S. lemons are sold fresh.
The Texas all orange forecast, at 1.50 million 85-pound boxes (64,000 tons), is up 12 percent from last season. Forty percent of Texas oranges are sold fresh.
Texas grapefruit output is pegged at 4.9 million 80-pound boxes, up 11 percent compared with 4.4 million boxes in 2019-20. About 40 percent of Texas grapefruit is sold fresh.
U.S. citrus shipments should be up this season in most growing areas compared to last year, and despite challenges in some areas, growers contend they are shipping some good-quality fruit.
During the late fall in California, the navel orange season got off to a rough start.
The San Joaquin Valley was unusally hot last summer, where most of the state’s oranges are grown. At one point, temperatures topped 100 degrees for more than 30 days straight, which shut down the trees.
As a result, sizing on the fruit, especially the early varieties, was unusually small.
Rainfall around Thanksgiving and in December and early January was helping to improve fruit size. Early this season, citrus growers nationwide had to deal with Southern Hemisphere fruit lingering in the domestic market for longer than usual. There was plenty of questionable quality.
This resulted in October, November and December being sluggish.
But as supplies of imported citrus wound down and domestic movement picked up, markets seemed to be improving. Market improvements finally arrived with the New Year.
Florida’s citrus industry still is recovering from the effects of Hurricane Irma, which hit the state in September 2017, wiping out a large part of the orange and grapefruit crops.
During the 2017-18 season, the state shipped only 45 million 90-box equivalents of oranges, 3.9 million boxes of grapefruit and 750,000 boxes of tangerines.
Hurricane season now is over for Florida growers, but they’re keeping their fingers crossed until March or so, when the threat of freezes should be over.
Up to 95 percent of the Florida’s oranges are grown for processing.
Citrus movement in Texas started off a bit slower than usual this season, mostly because of the large amount of imported fruit remaining the in the distribution pipeline, which slowed shipments. While loadings picked up for Christmas, volume still was behind the previous season.
Still, Texas citrus shipments should be greater this season than last.
Lower Rio Grande Valley citrus, plus Mexican produce crossings – grossing about $4800 to New York City.
U.S. citrus shipments crashed big time in the 2017-18 season.
American citrus loads plunged to 6.13 million tons last season, down 20 percent compared with 2016-17 season, and a whopping 66 percent less than the record high production of 17.8 million tons in 1997-98, according to the USDA.
Total fresh U.S. citrus shipments in 2017-18 were 3.308 million tons, off 7 percent from 2016-17 and 13 percent below 2015-16.
California represented 87 percent of all U.S. fresh citrus shipments in 2017-18, compared with 7 percent from Florida, 5 percent from Texas and 1 percent from Arizona.
Florida accounted for 36 percent of total U.S. citrus loadings, compared with 59 percent for California. Texas and Arizona shipped the remaining 5 percent.
Florida Citrus Shipments
Thanks to citrus greening disease and Hurricane Irma in 2017, Florida’s citrus volume continued to plunge in the 2017-18 season.
Florida’s orange shipments stood at 45 million boxes last season, which was down 35 percent from the previous season. Grapefruit volume in Florida, at 3.88 million boxes in 2017-18, crashed by 50 percent from the previous season. Florida’s total citrus shipments decreased 37 percent from the previous season, the USDA said.
Fresh shipments of Florida citrus were rated at 221,000 tons, down 30 percent from 317,000 tons in 2016-17 and off 50 percent from 2015-16.
Bearing citrus acreage in Florida, at 400,900 acres in 2017-18, was 9,800 acres below the 2016-17 season.
In California, the USDA reported citrus loadings dropped 7 percent from the 2016-17 season. California’s total orange shipments, at 45.4 million boxes, was 6 percent lower than the previous season. The state’s grapefruit volume was down 9 percent from the 2016-17; tangerine and mandarin loadings were off 19 percent.
California’s fresh citrus shipments was 2.88 million tons in 2017-18, down 5 percent from 2016-17 and down 9 percent from 2015-16.
In Texas, loadings of citrus was up 9 percent from the 2016-17 season. Orange volume is up 37 percent from the previous season, but grapefruit volume was unchanged.
Texas citrus shipments was 175,000 tons in 2017-18, up 8 percent from 2016-17 and 11 percent higher than 2015-16.
Arizona lemon loadings in 2017-18 was down 35 percent from last season. Arizona fresh citrus shipments was 32,000 tons in 2017-18, down 29 percent 2016-17 and down 32 percent from 2015-16.